What is Cultural Appropriation?

What is Cultural Appropriation?

The winner is…. Marlon Brando in The Godfather. On March 27th 1973 Apache and Yaqui actress
and activist Sacheen Littlefeather ascended the stage at the Academy Awards. Amidst a mixture of cheers and boos from the
evening’s attendees, Littlefeather read a portion of a prepared statement on behalf
of that year’s best actor winner, Marlon Brando. She declined the award on Brando’s behalf,
stating his reason for turning his back on Hollywood’s highest honor: the movie industry’s
continued misrepresentation of Native American people in film. Littlefeather was there in his stead to draw
attention to the American Indian Movement and to shine light on the issue of cultural
appropriation in film. Cultural appropriation. Although the phrase and the practices it describes
are familiar to most of us, it can feel ambiguous. And that’s primarily because while inappropriate
or offensive uses of other cultures are often quite obvious, the subtleties of the conversation
are usually drowned out by protests that appreciation cannot be appropriation. The actual phrase “cultural appropriation”
first appeared in print in 1945 attributed to the late professor Arthur E Christy, and
it’s been a topic of very heated debate ever since. As a term, cultural appropriation has its
roots in the latter half of the 20th century with its highest usage coming after 1980. Although the concept of stealing or misusing
a culture was on our collective radar form the 19th century onwards. And marginalized groups have been speaking
up against cultural appropriation that either diminishes or sidelines the contributions
of the people who created certain practices. But at the heart of these conversations are
three daunting and often amorphous concepts: First, what even is culture? How does power operate in relationship to
culture? And what are the boundaries between participating
versus appropriating another culture? So before we get into the debate of whether
or not culture can be appropriated and misused, we should start with the basics, namely: what
is culture? Well as a cultural historian myself, I’m
going to tip my hat to 20th century theorist Raymond Williams’ 1976 definition of culture. According to Williams, our modern use of
culture exists largely under three main umbrellas: First there are the “intellectual and spiritual
and aesthetic development” realms of culture that encompass shared ideologies and beliefs. This is probably the least tangible portion
of culture. Two good examples are the concepts of a shared
faith or patriotism. Both have a fixed set of values and ideas
attached to them, and can inspire cultural production. But they are also ideologies that exist even
if they aren’t being actively enacted. So you can feel patriotism, even when you’re
not actively performing a ritual that displays it. Just like you can experience shared faith,
even when you are not engaging in religious ceremonies. Then there’s the portion of culture that
covers the shared way of life of a defined group of people (meaning the way that a fixed
group interacts and lives in accordance with their common ideologies). This can be very specific, like the shared
lifestyle of one finite group of people, or extremely expansive, like a shared reality
that extends between all of humanity. So (as far as we know) all humans share the
earth. All humans, in order to survive, must eat. But the way we live on earth, whether in a
large city or in a rural community, is defined by the people were are directly engaging with
on a daily basis. And the third and final category of culture
that Williams describes (and the one we’ll talk about the most today) is related to shared
creative and artistic productivity. This includes the art, literature, music,
films, songs, and general representation of a given culture or group of people. Cultural production is the most concrete portion
of culture because it gives us objects and often physical items to look at and engage
with. So although this all may seem a bit dense,
it’s helpful to think about culture like a series of concentric circles radiating
outward. from the center. And you’re the center. In the first circle are the things closest
to us, like ideologies, because they exist largely in our minds. Then we have shared ways of life or things
that we engage in with the people directly around us. And in the farthest circle is cultural production,
or the objects, artworks, and creations that express our culture and that we shuttle out
in to the world. And being farthest away from the center, that’s
also the sphere most prone to traveling far away from its original context and therefore
being taken up elsewhere. And now that we’ve briefly waded through
the waters of what exactly culture is, you’ve probably found the underlying connective tissue
of these three spheres. Namely that culture is shared…and big and
constantly occurring. Plus it’s a bit like language because it
needs a collective of people to make a shared meaning. So often when people argue against the existence
of cultural appropriation, the basis of the argument is centered on culture’s shared
nature, since something that is shared isn’t owned by one particular person. But there’s a weakness in this argument
of ownership that stems from the way we think about possession. Some forms of ownership are rather straightforward
and therefore easier to understand. If you go out and purchase a car, you have
sole ownership of the car and are entitled to all of its benefits (like faster and more
convenient transportation) in addition to all of its drawbacks (like pesky car repairs). But ownership of culture doesn’t operate
that way because it belongs to the group that the culture stems from, and not one discrete
person or persons. And as professor Susan Scafidi notes in her
book “Who Owns Culture?” there are legal challenges when thinking of
discrete ownership in relationship to cultural products. Legal protections like copyright or trademarking
rely on a stable cultural product with a set number of creators. Like a song with a fixed list of songwriters. But culture is constantly evolving and changing. So Scafidi warns that patenting an idea that
is shared among a group “may provoke ossification of a culture and its artifacts.” But despite the difficulty of codifying cultural
ownership in legal terms, there are ways that culture can be appropriated or misused once
it’s divorced from its original context. People who are against believing that cultural
appropriation even exists often say that America is a “melting pot” of
various cultures, and therefore no one should be allowed to lay ownership to any particular
form of expression. As Scafidi also notes:
“Indeed, the tension-filled history of American immigration and even internal migration indicates
that the cultural products of others are often easier to accept and assimilate than the individuals
(or huddled masses) themselves.” And that’s because people’s admiration
for the cultural products they consume (like music, art, literature, and fashion) can exist
quite separately from the real world treatment of the people whose culture they’re appropriating
from. Because at the heart of cultural appropriation
isn’t just a cultural object, but power. Appropriation happens when you have a position
of power or are a member of a dominant culture who is able to take the parts of a marginalized
culture that you enjoy; divorce them from their original meaning; and use them for entertainment
value without considering their original context or having to deal with the negative ramifications
that someone from that culture would have to deal with as a result of that same action. So while it may seem benign to the person
who is extracting and enjoying the culture, the resulting damage can have real
world implications for the people whose culture has been misrepresented or misused. So let’s return to the 1973 Academy Awards. Although, in large part, Sacheen Littlefeather’s
disruption of the ceremony and Marlon Brando’s absence were meant to draw attention to the
specific issue of Native American representation in film, the longer statement that the actor
released after the broadcast pointed to larger cultural issues. Brando wrote in the full statement that was
published in newspapers after the ceremony that his decision wasn’t only about the
movies being made and the way that Native American cultures had been appropriated and
distorted, but also the real world issues that arose from this systematic mischaracterization. Of Littlefeather’s appearance at the award
show: “Perhaps at this moment you are saying to
yourself what the hell has all this got to do with the Academy Awards? Why is this woman standing up here, ruining
our evening, invading our lives with things that don’t concern us, and that we don’t care
about? ….. I think the answer to those unspoken
questions is that the motion picture community has been as responsible as any for degrading
the Indian and making a mockery of his character, describing him as savage, hostile and evil. It’s hard enough for children to grow up in
this world. When Indian children watch television, and
they watch films, and when they see their race depicted as they are in films, their
minds become injured in ways we can never know.” Brando also noted that at the time the 1973
Oscars were occurring, the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota had been occupied by American
Indian Movement members, who were met with military forces. The town also has historical significance because it’s
the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890, where an estimated 150-300 Lakota Sioux were
killed by US troops. So the decision to represent Native American
cultures in movies as inherently violent and untamable also served as a way of appropriating
culture and misaligning history. To Littlefeather and Brando’s point: the
pleasure American audiences got from watch old Westerns didn’t outweigh the damage
caused by cultural appropriation and misrepresentation. So what do you think? Have anything to add to this theoretical minefield? Any other details and stories to tack on to
this winding road? Drop those comments down below since I’ll
be following along and answering some of them. And this episode is evidence of that because i have to give a shout out and thank you to Rico
Fly on Youtube who asked after our episode on tattooing if I could cover the history
of cultural appropriation. I hope I answered some of your questions here
today and that you guys liked the video! And if you guys want to keep seeing more of
Origin then make sure you subscribe on Youtube and follow us on Facebook! That’s it for this week Originauts, and I’ll
see you here next time!

100 thoughts on “What is Cultural Appropriation?

  1. Hey people! Just touching base to say I'm following along with your comments and I'm pretty impressed (as always) with the thoughtful tone everyone on this channel takes when thinking about challenging topics. You've raised a lot of good points. Keeping in mind that the episodes are only around 10 minutes long, there's still so much more we can cover! Keep the comments coming and hats off to you wonderful nerds for your assistance in giving me ideas of what a second part of this episode might look like!


  2. There is no cultural appropriation, only cultural appreciation. Black people also straighten their hair and dye it blond. Some even bleach their skin (e.g. Beyonce or Rihanna).

    Cultures are constantly changing and people are exchanging ideas. In a multicultural society everyone should be allowed to celebrate different cultures.

    If you really are against "cultural appropriation" then you aren't allowed to use inventions of white people.
    No internet. No smartphone. No TV. No medication. No electricity. No cars. No airplanes. Deal?

  3. ’’ Though Much Is Taken, Much Yet Abides; And Though We Are Not Now That Strength Which In Old Days Moved Earth And Heaven; That Which We Are, Yet Still We Are; Ard-Druida Na hErenn Maoil-Seachlainn II

  4. Culture appropriation doesn't exist. Everybody can imitate and even make fun of another culture. We don't have to be all sensitive flowers offended by things wich have no importance.

  5. Okay, so question. I like to cosplay and I have always wanted to wear a Kimono that represents a season, it's from a play that I saw in Japan once. I know the history of the Kimono and I have studied the proper way to wear it. Is my wanting to wear it to show my appreciation for it's beauty and history "appreciation" or because I'm a white American is it considered "appropriation"? I really want to understand it. I will be making the Kimono myself following a pattern from Japan, and not a mass produced store bought one that is to short or gimmicky.

  6. How do you address the fact that some cultures often share a behavior? Such as wearing hats or head scarves?

  7. Here's the thing:

    If we can pretend I'm a minority culture for the moment, to make the point … take notes, now. In order for me to have a say-so in how my culture is approached by other people, I have to get them to buy into the argument that I have some privilege over that culture that they don't have.

    That privilege is power; it's the power to dictate over other persons this small part of the human experience, that my culture lays claim to by virtue of having devised its sentiments and rituals separately from others.

    But how do I acquire this privilege? I'm born to it. It is bequeathed unto me by birth. I didn't make the culture, I was invested into it as a child and that's my claim to the power it gives me over other persons.

    So it is hereditary power. Power derived from birth.

    Excuse me, but we ousted that sort of power quite some time ago. We discarded Divine Right as a method of determining power when we granted EQUALITY to everyone. No one is divine. No one has a right to power they've been born to. The whole fabric of this argument of appropriation is based upon a defunct principle that this democracy is founded upon abolishing.

    People will argue that they have a right to own their culture, that their culture gives them power and that challenging their culture robs them of their power. But that is the exact POINT. Democracy is not founded on HAVING power, but SHARING power. Those who argue their power depends upon their control of it are demogogues, whatever their feelings or their motivations. They're absent the sentiment of generosity of that culture, to the benefit of every human being who has a right to the benefits of ALL the work that ALL human beings have contributed to the grand experiment.

  8. People who are offended by cultural appropriation should go back to the country of origin of said appropriated culture….. so they won't be offended….

    The entire concept of it only pertaining to the "group in power" taking…. basically discredits the concept for the loony tunes victim hood mentality that spawned it.

    Oh and if I can't dress like a classic Mexican for Halloween…. any POC should probably stop using electricity…

  9. Everyone partakes in cultural appropriation. To me the problem occurs when people appropriate something in order to mock it/ be racist to it etc. For instance dressing up in blackface and animal skins while making grunting noises is awful and racist and nasty. But a white person wearing braids and an shirt with traditional african patterns because it looks cool is fine. She isn't doing it to offend a group, but because it looks cool. However modern discourse on CA has turned it into a tiered system, where appropriation of any white culture is ok, but any appropriation of a non white culture is evil and fascist.

    Culture is hugely varied and changing all the time, to try and segregate people into their own culture is not productive to a diverse and tolerant society, especially when certain forms of appropriation are deemed good. Consider for a moment a wealthy African family moves to the USA. If they started to adopt African American culture, would that be CA?, This rich family never suffered slavery or Jim Crowe, they moved into a well off neighbourhood with their wealth allowing the kids lots of opportunities. On the flip side, Braids were often used in Africa to indicate tribe/age/marital status/power/religion etc. Would an African American wearing a braid that represents an African tribe and religion that they are not part of be problematic?

  10. A lot of questions/confusion surrounding cultural appropriation as to when is it right if ever. SImply put, I believe any time you take another people's creations, beliefs, possessions and culture specifically associated with that culture and use it to benefit yourself and to gain you profit…then that's cultural appropriation. The fact that someone like a kardasian would wear dreadlocks is not in itself offensive but yet it is because she is a public persona and thus that particular affectation is cultural to a race not her own and she is exploiting it even if innocently for her benefit! It is not beneficial to the culture of origin, only to the wearer.

  11. I think that someone borrowing an aspect of another culture can show appreciation for the culture. I like to curl my hair into an afro style, and I'm Hispanic, but I just like the style. I'm not trying to take away from black culture, and I've asked black people about it and they don't care. A black kid once told me she likes that I'm rocking their style. Most people don't care. Nobody cares.

  12. So if I am a European descended Canadian and wanted to make a video of me doing a version of Mexican Cumbia dance …. would i get in trouble for cultural appropriation ?

  13. All culture is comprised of a bunch of things divorced from a previous context. Thats how all cultures evolve and develop. Without repurposing and remixing random elements of raw "cultural" material picked up from literally anywhere, humanity would still be drawing circles in the dirt.

  14. This hasn't changed my mind.
    This ideology has too many preconceived notions.
    I'll give one example.
    I don't believe in intellectual property.
    Once you tell a "secret" it gets spread around. That's a natural process (now if they told the secret and had them sign a non disclosure agreement then there will be repercussions per the agreement). Information cannot be suppressed, doing so would require force against a persons freedom of speech

  15. Thank you for your thoughts on Cultural Mis-propriations of the different cultures in our midst. Upon considering your information , whic I immensely enjoyed I was unaware of the protest made at the Academy's Awards in the aknowledgement of Native Americans. I'm a little ashamed that I had read that book The God Father and saw the movie but never was aware of our fellow Americans delima and their movement at Wounded Knee. And this just proves how some become jaded about a group by media depictions or the theft or ownership of other's valuables be they culture, Artifacts and even misunderstood facts about fellow Human Beings. I was pleased to come across your videos as I enjoyed your piece on how Africans were deported from Africa. I have subscribed. 😄

  16. I learnt redemption song by Bob Marley on my guitar. I love singing and playing it but I'm a white guy in the UK. I've decided not to perform it at open mic. But the majority of my white friends say I'm "thinking too much".
    Thoughts please? Thanks

  17. I once met with a group of people who told me they used to shave white males against their will because they had dreadlocks. I got very angry with them because they were doing it based on the skin colour of the men wearing it. I think this is objecively racist. What do you think of that?

  18. Just don't make a caricature out of someone's culture! It seems a bigger issue in the states where every white person thinks they are Cherokee, as well as Irish, Scottish, German, Dutch, sometimes something from the Baltic, French is for the Canadians and also Italian, but that can't be faked! It is easier for us Brits who pretty much identify to where we were born! My father was born in Ireland and he is Irish. My mother was born in England and she is English. I was born in England so I am English or British. I do however find it very insulting the tedious caricature of Irish people in American holidays and films… With Red hair, green fucking clothes, whiskey drinking, tap dancing, rags to riches bollocks. Oh and every Disney villain speaks RP! Anyway spit spot I have to be perfect in every fucking way!

  19. As a non-US citizen, I'm still confused with this whole "cultural appropriation". Especially in the part that says, the 'appropriation' is done by the more powerful/dominant society toward the lesser ones.

    Let's try example outside US, like when Indonesia said that Malaysia steal their culture, does it mean that Indonesia claimed Malaysia doing cultural appropriation? Or what about Japan? As their Kimono is development of Han Chinese traditional clothing called Hanfu, is it safe to say that they appropriate Chinese culture? Eventhough 'the accusers' may claim the 'accused' do steal, but I think subjectively they won't say that the accused ones are more dominant than them. And Hanfu had been 'appropriated' even far before Japan colonized China, so Japan wasn't a dominant toward China when they 'appropriated' it. It's even reversed, the Japanese were like Chinese culture fans like how many countries nowadays are K-Pop fans and then emulate K-Pop fashions.

    But say, a Dutch buffet tradition called Rijsttafel is cultural appropriation toward Indonesian culture, isn't it? Because they were a colonizer (so basically dominant) at the time it was found.

  20. Thanks, Danielle. Your explanation helped me better understand what I see as one of the most complicated topics with respect to addressing racism and white supremacy. Maybe for an addendum to this video, you could take apart a few specific examples and talk about appropriation v appreciation.

  21. Most cultures have taken something from another culture, adopted it, changed it. However, especially the changing part seems to be highly criticised at the moment. Generally, it’s met with ideas such as that you can’t use soemthing from a culture and change it which would remove it’s original origin. But a lot of cultures stems from that idea, just look at the many pantheons of Gods that exist. Nordic, Greek, Roman etc. So if the culture that I’m ”taking from” benefited from taking from another culture, why is that wrong?

  22. How can I , a Hispanic man living in the US can tell a White anglo to not use a Mexican hat because of "cultural appropriation" and then turn around and get in my car , a white anglo invention , use my phone a white anglo invention , dress in white western style clothing and then go eat at McDonalds a white Western style restaurant…It doesn't make any sense to me , just sounds like pure hypocrisy.

  23. WHAT IS CULTURAL APPROPRIATION ? The answer is simple and it doesn't take much for anyone who can think on their own. This is just another one of the many tactics thought out by the extreme left-wing in the USA to divide us all. This tactic is especially guided towards the white race. This doesn't make any sense , I'm a legal immigrant Hispanic and I urge all of those like me to reject this evil , racist and inhuman stupidity.

  24. So when other countries and cultures wear blue denim jeans they are stealing our American culture?! Is that what I’m understanding?! Hmmm. So only Americans can wear blue jeans.

  25. Hi. New to the channel and loved it. You made me already change my mind about the topic. But, there's another side to it. The backlash! People white, Caucasian, religious, etc. Feel that they're stepping on eggshells. You may assume that since my picture is an White Caucasian dude, that I'm WASP. But I'm not! I get confused whenever I have to fill up a form that asks : Are you White, African American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, …. At one time I was filling up a form like that and next to me was an Indian (a guy from India). And we both look at each other and said… WTF! I'm from Brazil. I live in Brazil, and as you can see in a short conversation people will assume that I'm American. But I'm not a Hispanic by any means. I'm a native Portuguese speaker. I had to learn Spanish and English as an adult. Even with Brazil being surrounded by Spanish speaking countries we mostly have Portuguese, African, and a "melting pot", as in America. My Indian friend put in his form African American and I put Hispanic even as I don't identify as such. This balance may change, as Venezuelans are fleeing into the country (I welcome refugees), and some of Brazilian culture has affected other nations. Argentinians have Carnaval now! Go figure?

  26. Cultural appropriation is a fashionable myth. And the examples given in the presentation aren't even consistent.

    The Hollywood representation of the Native American has nothing to do with cultural appropriation but with cultural misrepresentation and revisionism.

    The concept of cultural appropriation as it's applied today, or at least as it has infiltrated in the popular imagination, is just silly. Culture by definition is appropriation.

    It's hard to imagine a single culture, not even the insulated early Chinese, as not appropriating the culture of others, whether indigenous tribes, local communities or more global interactions even in cultures of insularity, a reality popularly represented in the musical "The King and I."

    The richness of American culture (but really, of all cultures) is its cross-fertilization, to use a less politically charged equivalent. At a certain point it becomes difficult to tell which culture is dominant and which exploited.

    In any case, in the popular use by the media, the concept is just plain silly. Is a Caucasian American culturally appropriating the Chinese xi-pao, as was recently in the news? Do Asians appropriate Western, specifically Italian culture, by drinking espresso coffee, or at least drinking it in culturally-specific ways or eating Italian food in culturally specific ways (with chopsticks)? Are Americans culturally appropriating Chinese dishes that Chinese reject as authentic, such as chop suey or chow mein, or eating them with spoons?

    Is Scotch on the rocks, such as Americans drink it, cultural appropriation of the beverage? What about drinking refrigerated red wine, or with ice cubes in the glass, or mixed with seltzer? Arguably the most famous example of cultural appropriation is the Christian New Testament. Virgil was similarly a cultural appropriation of Homer, as Dante was of Virgil. We need a Portia to divide the flesh from the blood in an issue such as this, largely made up by the ideology of political correctness.

  27. the acknowledge of the existence of "cultural appropriation" and, therefore, the intent to eliminate it is, essentially, totalitarism. Its tyranny.

  28. The reason why racism happens is because people don't understand and interact with the cultures of other people. By adopting other cultures and traditions it is being acceptance of other people. This whole anti cultural appropriation is only going to create a bigger divide between people, which is going to hurt the world as a whole. I'm chinese and when I see people wearing chi pow or eating moon cake it makes me happy because it feels like they can appreciate elements of my culture.

  29. If cultural appropriation is so bad, then as someone of Italian descent, I demand that the teenage mutant ninja turtles stop eating pizza and change their names to something that isn’t Italian. Lol

  30. OH MY GOD ! is that a traditional turkish hat used as decoration ?! why is she doing cultural apropiation and not showing respect for it ?
    And that Geisha, why is se culturally apropating the Japannese culture as decoration ?! Why is she wearing White Clothes ? Why isn't she wearing Tribal Gear as most blacks did before they first met Europeans ? Why are Black/Asian/Etc wearing Formal Wear ? that is Purely European and should not be apropiated like that ! How can they also listen and play Classical Music ? OH MY GOD ! MY CULTURE !!!

  31. https://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=2961602421576785026#editor/target=post;postID=8476649350685226148;onPublishedMenu=allposts;onClosedMenu=allposts;postNum=0;src=postname

  32. Isn't it "cultural appropriation" when non-whites use white invented technology like electricity, plumbing, the internet, indoor heating, cell phones, autombiles, jets, etc..etc.. These are all products of white culture. It is an embarrassment and brown washing for non-whites to use something unique to white culture. Imitating whites robs white people of their rich culture and identity, and therefore the only moral thing for non-whites to do is to return to their mud huts and subsistence farming & hunting without any of the modern amenities ALL of which have been brought to the world by the white community.

  33. bottom line I am not responsible for your feelings. If your offened then so what, the law should not in any way be set up so that your feelings are protected. The tyranny of the neurotic and bored. The only oblications I have is to not directly harm you or to call for you to be harmed. That is it. Final. You get no more unless I feeling like extending to you more curticy. And for that you must earn it from me personally. Further the oppresion you are pissed about, I did not inflict nor have i benifited from it in a way that you can messure. Even if I were I am not responsible for your feelings.. . And I can like or dislike or use or change or not use any part of some other culture I so please Unless you can claim a copyright or patent on something, I have done no wrong. The worst you can call me doing so it Tacky and you can boycott it. There are many cultural habits of other people I don't like or do not appove of, yet I have no right to tell you how to practice any of it. Nor can I claim to own any cultural thing forbidden to you. The worst thing that cultural appropriation is, is that it is rude. Rude does not rise to the level of liabilithy or quatifialble harm to warren this much hubub. We are letting the complaining bitchy part of our society take control. And if your thinking that the worded bitchy is code for woman. You would be right on. Insults are not important enough for society to do anything coordinated to fix it. If you upset about a cultural appropriation then you do not have many real problems. I am sure in this nation there are real prolems facecd by minoritues that deserve attention and need change. The justice system, poverty, quality education, drugs and even nutrition. All valid concerns that minorities may have. Hurt feeling over cultural appropration are unimportant. So, shut up. It makes me want to see real oppression happen to you for a short time so you will get the difference. Or maybe ask your grandpaerents, who suffered real oppression. I bet they would agree. You are crying wolf and when there is a real wolf people will not listen.

  34. I think the most annoying thing is that everyone is racist. There is no race. No starting gun. No finish line. Race is a British equivocation fallacy to turn family into competition to justify nepotism and slippery slope for aristocracy.

    This topic is about familial property. It belongs to no one person of a family. No one can copywrite it. Making money off a cultural property as entities of another culture shares nothing with the original family members.

    As long as you're not making money on it, there's no theft. But might be offensive. However, "offensive", isnt a crime even if people choose to find it offensive. Its everyones choice to be offended and can be felt by anyone at will.

  35. https://youtu.be/NNUcR-eMxaE
    Not a real thing, grow up. Everyone takes something from the last generation which takes from the previous one.

  36. It's good to be respectful of other people's cultures, but making a big deal about it soon devolves into endless empty erudition. Just be good to people and enjoy life. And as nice as it was for Brando to make a point about Native Americans, according to these rules he shouldn't have played a role glorifying Italian stereotypes either.

  37. Europeans have officially apologised to the Arab world for emulating their unprecedented slave-trading practices in Africa 🐫🐫🐫☻

  38. Such a ridiculously stupid concept. Cultures have borrowed and shared from eachother since the beginning of civilization and culture itself. It's human nature. Why don't you people stop looking at what makes you different and start looking at what makes you the same, being a human being. The more you divide people by saying "oh this is my culture you can't participate in doing that" the more we divide ourselves and see eachother as separate when in reality we are all one. The same human race, One Race. The sooner society ditches stupid concepts like "cultural appropriation" the better off we will be. Honestly the whole concept of it is so incredibly dumb

  39. position of power? Get the hell out of here with your racist anti white bullsh*t. Its either appropriate for some people to do or not. More PBS bullsh* propaganda. So youre appropriating European technology, european language, German clothing (Adidas).

  40. The background sound track was doing my head in, it really distracts from your speech. Also, you turn a simple explanation into a confusing, complex ramble.

  41. I think it's important to point out harmful instances of cultural appropriation. Like what Brando and Littlefeather did. Those shitty westerns took aspects of Native American culture without any deeper appreciation. However, I also think that cultural appropriation has become a catch-all term to put down all culturally diverse pieces of media. My favorite TV show of all time is Cowboy Bebop. It's an anime that's heavily influenced by all things American. There are characters of several different ethnicities unlike most anime. Many aspects of African-American and Native American cultures are infused into the show. What makes Bebop special is that it has deep appreciation and love for all of the cultures it portrays. It's not shallow like a supermodel wearing a Native American inspired dress without putting any thought into it. And as someone who's not Japanese and wasn't born and raised in America, I can experience this wonderful melting pot of cultures and ideas. I don't want art and media that is genuinely influenced by other cultures to go away. And I hope not all instances of this infusion are put down with cries of "cultural appropriation". I hope people can differentiate shallow and harmful appropriation from respectful homage.

  42. People need to stop being so selfish about their culture and should be happy that people actually look up and enjoy their culture and ways of life so much that they decided to include it in their own daily lives. Now a days all I see is everyone finding any possible little thing to be mad about. Why is everyone so angry?!

  43. Should we be offended when people wear WEAVES ( hair )when one race buys hair off the heads of other races of women ? Answer is no .. but watch how fast people get bent out of shape when other women get hair braided or corn roles

  44. I don't know if I can 100% agree. I mean, of course when a culture is displayed differently than its initial context when it's displayed by another group, but that's the point. It changes, it is memetic. For example: black people were the ORIGINAL blues guitarists. Blues is the predecessor of rock and roll. Is therefore, Stairway to Heaven a black invention? By proxy, maybe, but it was passed on and changed, as is the norm with music for a millennium. I don't say "wow, all these rappers using scotch snaps, cultural appropriation" because that'd be dumb to say. It is now something different.

  45. The far left pretends that they want this melting pot rainbow where there are no borders, no religion, no country (like John Lennon's "Imagine"), yet they have the nerve to say, 'THAT'S CULTURAL APPROPRIATION.' Such hypocrisy. Fake news.

  46. I'd like to add my two-cents but about 4-years ago the people running the Internet flipped their Master Switch on me and as a result, the world isn't allowed to see what I think about these sorts of matters. One day we all have to stand before The Almighty and give an account of our conduct down here, and that includes those deemons at Yahoo and Google and the Daily Mail … that are using a chainsaw against my demographic 24/7.

  47. I think one of the things that makes cultural appropriation controversial is that while the concept is easy to define, specific examples can VERY much fall in an ambiguous grey zone, so much that people who fully accept the idea of appropriation will argue over those examples. I read an article today that said the hippies adopting eastern spirituality was an example of appropriation. I feel when a mass movement like that dabbles in foreign ideas, some level of simplification and misrepresentation is just inevitable, however, should it inhibit us from practicing our versions of yoga or buddhist mindfulness? Surely we should better educate ourselves on its original context, however, I also fear a cultural stagnancy that might come out of being too afraid to approach non-western ideas for fear of appropriation.

  48. Answer: No. If it is true, then I should stop speaking English because either I'm offending English people for stealing their language or offending my people for not using our native tongue. This is stupid.

  49. The idea of cultural appropriation is foolish because it suggests in order to adopt new culture you need to have permission. If people really feel this way about adopting new culture than they should stay in their own countries. I feel like you as a black woman or appropriating my country as a native of the United States.

  50. Cultural Appropriation is BS term invented by people that have nothing else todo. People have the feedom to do what the want so it is a non-problem. The lines between cultures are very grey.

  51. Cultural appropriation, at times also phrased cultural misappropriation, is the adoption of elements of one culture by members of another culture. This can be controversial when members of a dominant culture appropriate from disadvantaged minority cultures.

  52. Funny that the same people who tell us we are all the same, and that race doesn't matter; are also the same people telling me what to wear based on my skin colour. It is clear that people `against` cultural appropriation are racist people looking for a position of power over others. Terrible people cloaked under reverse racism.

  53. My favorite old Kpop group Chakra (2000s) is getting some “cultural appropriation” bullshit comments by these Koreaboos who happened to stumble upon their performance. Koreans aren’t aware of African/Indian culture and this group was influenced by them. And I honestly think this brought more appreciation of these two cultures by kpop fans, even if they weren’t 100% accurate. I tell these idiotic “cultural appropriation” idiots that by their logic, you don’t get to use any Korean culture if you’re not Korean. It’s the intention that matters— if you’re using culture to compare superiorities then yes, that is inappropriate, though sometimes even making fun of or criticizing a culture isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Like how I think it’s hilarious how some Korean words are really bastardized version of English words

  54. So, whining snowflakes have given their self-importance and hypocrisy an important sounding name? Pam Anderson is catching all kinds of flack for a Halloween photo-shoot where she's wearing a Native American head dress. The hypocrisy is astonishing! You can go to the Dakota's where you can buy Native American head dresses FROM… (…wait for it…) …Native Americans. Seems they don't mind someone wearing them if they sell them to BE WORN. (duh?) There are probably thousands of examples of this hypocrisy. So, what's the problem with people these days? Get over yourselves!

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