The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.

100 thoughts on “The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

  1. Really a nice video,
    Mahammad was the last messenger of Of Islam and all Adam,Ibrahim,Musa , Jesus ……was one of the profet of Allah as well and we respect all of them

  2. it'd be something if we follow all of the interesting things from different religions keep their history and their roots intact without messing up with one another…

  3. Adam,
    Idris (Enoch),
    Nuh (Noah),
    Hud (Heber),
    Saleh (Methusaleh),
    Lut (Lot),
    Ibrahim (Abraham),
    Ismail (Ishmael),
    Ishaq (Isaac),
    Yaqub (Jacob),
    Yusuf (Joseph),
    Shu’aib (Jethro),
    Ayyub (Job),
    Dhulkifl (Ezekiel),
    Musa (Moses),
    Harun (Aaron),
    Dawud (David),
    Sulayman (Solomon),
    Ilyas (Elias),
    Alyasa (Elisha),
    Yunus (Jonah),
    Zakariya (Zachariah),
    Yahya (John the Baptist),
    Isa (Jesus) ,
    Muhammad. Peace be upon them all. they came us for say there only one god ,the Eternal, Absolute.He begetteth not, nor is He begotten.And there is none like unto Him

  4. Islam is still a part of pagan religion you got statues and meteorites in the kabba Christians and catholics are following a brown man from the Middle East Jesus. Lol and of course the Jews the so called children of God if their was a god why didn't he ever help with all your atrocities not like any other races haven't had those same atrocities we have been on this planet for a long long time people religion was foundef to control the masses. It sure has done a good jod

  5. Your interpretation of Hinduism is wrong. It doesn't start with Krishna. Lord Krishna was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. There were seven others before. Hinduism doesn't date back to five millennia. It's much older than that. Term Hindu was coined upon by Persians. It's always been a way of life, not a religion. As a matter of fact, there is no word explaining religion in the Ancient India. The word "dharma" means "righteousness" which is highly misinterpreted as "religion". So there isn't one single rule to understand this culture, no prescribed rules.

  6. 6:42 "The angel Gabriel sent by the God of Abraham to come to a girl named Mary and tell her that she is going to have a son"

    Excuse me, there isn't such a thing called angel Gabriel in Christianity right? That's Islam's point of view! They should've said "Holy Spirit came to Mary…."

    In Christianity Holy Spirit is another form of God in Trinity, so those guy who came to Mary is actually God himself. In Christianity, angles and Holy Spirit are different things!

    So why did they do that? 😶
    So confusing
    Yet, there isn't any Christian here in the comment section correcting about it

  7. This man deliberately or otherwise did not mention one thing about Christ , that he is the only man of God who promised his second coming into this world and also some remarkable events that would precede his second coming.

  8. forget the peace-thing in comment section,….the narrator not mentioning nepal even once for buddhism and also hinduism boils my blood **

  9. Duddee…. you got so many things about Hinduism wrong –
    1. It was oriinally called 'sanatan dharma' . The word 'hindu' was coined by the british.
    2. The religion did not start with lord Krishna, he was infact the 2nd avatar(reincarnation) of Vishnu. The first being Ram, but the religion is much older than that.

    There still are many more discripancies, but these were the top 2


  11. Religions and Souls:
    Religions teach us where our souls will go after we die and our bodies decay to dusk. Where does each of our souls exist and come from when we're born on earth since human population is increasing faster than ever before?

  12. please reconfirm your information on Buddhism, it was not started in India but Nepal. please correct yourself. Be sure before you speak and spread these kinds of facts please.

  13. Help me find the answers, why people who belive in Norse Gods called pagans? Whats the difference between Greek, Norse, or Slavic Mythology with Hinduism? There is too many similarities in that, like they have many gods. Why Hindu can be called religion when the others called myth? Whats the difference? Sorry for my broken englih I dont mean to insult anyone btw i just curious

  14. There is no religion known as Hinduism. 🤦‍♀️ this refers to people from India it is not a religion. Omgosh. Some of their truths are so right though.

  15. Buddhism is a form of materialism and says we have no soul. 🤦‍♀️ there is one word that can take out the entire religion because it does not exist.

  16. We are breaking the law of all religions.. Killing own kind and we dont even leave the animals.. And the most important we are responsible for extinction of many beautiful creations of god…

  17. The testimonies of the disciples and 1st century historians still haven’t been debunked… not tryina start a flame war, just laying out facts

  18. Everyone is trying to prove or argue that their religion is the topmost and best in the world. Rather than fighting please try to understand other religions and holy books on true meaning hosnestly with their inner sences. You can find that irrespective of all canons if someone provide a piece of bread or shelter to a homeless person or orphan will the greatest of all religion. I am a muslim by name but loves all of the religions especillay on one such as which accepts all the things where human or not plant or animal everything created by a ultimate source and it will be god to me. I believe only in a super power who created and consieves this world for long time and i dont believe in the canons or written manuscripts to follow. I love kafir or disbeliever because he is the child of allah and i love every creature which is from god and try to keep away from bad things or bad habits

  19. You show the Jews as Europeans because you’re listing the top five religions. However, why don’t you do a presentation on Israelites, Hebrews, Jews and the genetic tracers?

  20. At the end of the day, no one knows what happens after this life which is why it requires faith. Respect peoples faith❤

  21. Im a athiest i came here to see a what everyone believes and I've come to a conclusion……… this was a waste of time… but im not made about it its whatever

  22. There has been only one religion from the begining of time… submission to ONE GOD ( in Arabic this sentence means Islam) …… HUMANS are the ones that came up with terms such as Christianity and Judaism . Ibrahim’s, Moses’s Jesus’s and Mohamed’s message HAS ALWAYS been the same, which is to worship one GOD….. GOD sent a new prophet from time to time to worn the people as they stray from the message and put new rules in place as new sins are made…….. the wisdom in not sending Mohamed and the Quran from the get go as the first and only prophet with the first and only book is the same reason why you don’t put a 5 year old in medical school

  23. Very wrong about Hinduism.
    Shree Krishna is the avatar or incarnation of Lord Vishnu who forms the Trinity alongwith Brahma and Shiva.
    Ram who is another avatar of Vishnu is thaught to have lived about 15th millennium BC.
    And the Vedas go even beyond that in time.


  25. I want to meet every Messengers , son of God's ,avatars and Gods . And wants to worship and pay respects to each one of them . How beautiful it will be ?❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️

  26. Hinduism isn't the religion of India. It's the religion of south Asian countries ( mostly India and Nepal ). Please ! Just go and get some findings

  27. This is how we all should be living… Bring peace… No matter what religion u r!
    M a Muslim…& we dont mock other religions…💙💙💙💙💙

  28. Abraham,Moses,joseph,Jesus and more includin Mohammed(pbuh) has all been mention in the holy book of Islam -The Quran as messengers
    And they all spread Islam but people thought it as other religions like Christianity and Judaism..

  29. It's so easy to pat yourself on the back and say "i respect all other religions" but what if those beliefs are causing great harm to others? What if they are inspiring children to harbor hatred, and to fear those who are different? What about those beliefs which suppress children's critical thinking abilities, so they grow up completely indoctrinated into a harmful belief system? What if they are leading to the unnecessary death of children?

    Grow up, people. Open your eyes to the harm that indoctrination causes, both to society and to the individual.

  30. First' of all Hinduism was never a religion.
    It became a religion in competition with islam and Christianity.
    There is no GOD system,in Indian culture.

  31. I am an atheist and was tempted to make a derogatory comment about all religions, but given the respect shown in the comments, I have decided to restrain myself. Peace and goodwill to all.

  32. I think this comment section embodies some of the best of Ted Ed's community. People that have come to learn and respect instead of adhering to the toxic parts of Youtube. It shows how peaceful and respectful people can be, it's really amazing and nice to see.

  33. God didn't send the angel to ASK Mary to become the mother of His son. He was sent to TELL her….
    ANYONE interested in the truth PLEASE READ the Holy Scriptures (Bible). Go to the very 1st book in the New Testament, MATTHEW chapter 1 verses 18 to 24.

    Also, to all listening to this, Jesus Christ is the ONLY way to God the Father. (John 14:6),
    John 12: 44-50, Jesus tells of His authority.
    Matthew 3: 16-17.
    May God's blessings be on all who truly seek him. Amen.

  34. Animist religion also is a major religion exist in the world still practicing all the TRIBAL people of the world is famous in the all tribal people of the world

  35. Hinduism is not polytheistic but henothestic .
    But people assumed it to be polytheistic 🤷
    Because many words and many meanings are not in English language .
    I mean there is no word so..

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