The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

Slavery, the treatment of human beings as property,
deprived of personal rights, has occurred in many forms
throughout the world. But one institution stands out for
both its global scale and its lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade, occurring from the late 15th
to the mid 19th century and spanning three continents, forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans
to the Americas. The impact it would leave affected
not only these slaves and their descendants, but the economies and histories
of large parts of the world. There had been centuries of contact
between Europe and Africa via the Mediterranean. But the Atlantic slave trade
began in the late 1400s with Portuguese colonies in West Africa, and Spanish settlement
of the Americas shortly after. The crops grown in the new colonies,
sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton, were labor intensive, and there were not enough settlers
or indentured servants to cultivate all the new land. American Natives were enslaved,
but many died from new diseases, while others effectively resisted. And so to meet the massive
demand for labor, the Europeans looked to Africa. African slavery had existed
for centuries in various forms. Some slaves were indentured servants, with a limited term
and the chance to buy one’s freedom. Others were more like European serfs. In some societies, slaves could
be part of a master’s family, own land, and even rise
to positions of power. But when white captains came offering
manufactured goods, weapons, and rum for slaves, African kings and merchants
had little reason to hesitate. They viewed the people they sold
not as fellow Africans but criminals, debtors,
or prisoners of war from rival tribes. By selling them, kings enriched
their own realms, and strengthened them
against neighboring enemies. African kingdoms prospered
from the slave trade, but meeting the European’s massive demand
created intense competition. Slavery replaced other criminal sentences, and capturing slaves
became a motivation for war, rather than its result. To defend themselves from slave raids, neighboring kingdoms
needed European firearms, which they also bought with slaves. The slave trade had become an arms race, altering societies and economies
across the continent. As for the slaves themselves,
they faced unimaginable brutality. After being marched
to slave forts on the coast, shaved to prevent lice, and branded, they were loaded onto ships
bound for the Americas. About 20% of them
would never see land again. Most captains of the day
were tight packers, cramming as many men
as possible below deck. While the lack of sanitation
caused many to die of disease, and others were thrown
overboard for being sick, or as discipline, the captain’s ensured their profits
by cutting off slave’s ears as proof of purchase. Some captives took matters
into their own hands. Many inland Africans
had never seen whites before, and thought them to be cannibals, constantly taking people away
and returning for more. Afraid of being eaten,
or just to avoid further suffering, they committed suicide
or starved themselves, believing that in death,
their souls would return home. Those who survived
were completley dehumanized, treated as mere cargo. Women and children were kept above deck
and abused by the crew, while the men were made to perform dances in order to keep them exercised
and curb rebellion. What happened to those Africans
who reached the New World and how the legacy of slavery
still affects their descendants today is fairly well known. But what is not often discussed is the effect that the Atlantic slave trade
had on Africa’s future. Not only did the continent lose
tens of millions of its able-bodied population, but because most of the slaves
taken were men, the long-term demographic
effect was even greater. When the slave trade was finally
outlawed in the Americas and Europe, the African kingdoms whose economies
it had come to dominate collapsed, leaving them open
to conquest and colonization. And the increased competition
and influx of European weapons fueled warfare and instability
that continues to this day. The Atlantic slave trade also contributed
to the development of racist ideology. Most African slavery had no deeper reason
than legal punishment or intertribal warfare, but the Europeans
who preached a universal religion, and who had long ago
outlawed enslaving fellow Christians, needed justification for a practice so obviously at odds
with their ideals of equality. So they claimed that
Africans were biologically inferior and destined to be slaves, making great efforts
to justify this theory. Thus, slavery in Europe and the Americas
acquired a racial basis, making it impossible for slaves
and their future descendants to attain equal status in society. In all of these ways, the Atlantic slave trade
was an injustice on a massive scale whose impact has continued
long after its abolition.

100 thoughts on “The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

  1. I take it this is a basis of teaching of the far right. Reason being, it's way off and nowhere near the truth. But maybe it was just a snippet for quick super bias teaching. I dont know! I could go for that.??????

  2. They never mention that African tribal leaders sold their own people! do you expect me to believe they trapped and whacked millions of people in the head and shanghaied them. Please, I didn’t hatch yesterday. Plus do you know what the average African income is according to google, $5.60 per day. The poorest of poor in USA live better than most Africans in all the nations of Africa (section 8, Medicaid, SNAP food, etc .). My grandparents were poor as dirt and barely could warm the house with cheap coal and many whites today in USA live well below “ poverty” level. You won’t get any crying from me as I watch pro athletes and entertainers make millions a year and minorities driving a Mercedes and BMW’s in my “hood.”!

  3. The brave new modern world needed em … Industrial Age ushered in the civil war.. we as Americans fixed it then

  4. While a lot of this is true, some of it is completely false. I have actual, authentic letters from slaves, from the years around 1840. I can't wait to get these so I can show everyone that they're completely wrong about slavery.

  5. They seems to add a century to the narrative with every new version of the story! I guess when you are making up you can do what you want!

  6. BS. Hebrew israelites were sold not by other Africans but Shemites the real jews of the bible…WS SPEWING lies. We were in Egypt and Moses took to the promised land which was called Judah land even on maps. So if you got any sense don't listen to this….

  7. Capitalism is a bit of a snake pit.
    But of course snakes are not immoral or out to profit at any cost,
    so this is an unfair and stigmatizing comparison for reptiles…

    Reptilian theme in Vigelandsparken Park, Oslo Norway


  9. Not surprised at all the negative comments seems like everyone is shifting the blame. Slavery was is and will forever will be wrong no matter what, and the worst part about it is it’s lasting effects on today’s society.

  10. Come on man how can you take tens of millions of people from One land to another without any type of motor any type of refrigeration of food for that many people. Where is your documents to show how many people they could put on board. Not making much sense if you really think about it. Now saying slavery was it a big deal cuz it definitely was but those numbers don't add up. Why would you bring tens of millions of people to a new land that you're not even accustomed to when they can Dethrone you not that much mind control. Just my opinion like I said not saying I don't take slavery seriously. How do you take a man from an unknown land and tell them to row crop in different climates that they're not even, as a matter fact you're not even used to???‍♂️

  11. Left out .. the slaves were of the tribe of Judah

    Decendents of the real children of Israel..
    . Khazars were the biggest slavers

  12. How do we know what this man says is true? History is written buy the Victors don't believe anything a white person tells you online….this is 2019 and we know of fake news , the world is different, knowledge is everywhere

  13. The usual arrangement of the nobility in Europe, having people to work their land in hopes of possible food after “taxes”, or be tortured/killed for showing a spine to the noble class was hard to reproduce in America. De facto slavery, tho.
    In Czarist Russia they were actually included as property in the title to land, and bought n sold in newspapers of the time. Czar Nicholas ended that on a 30yr plan in 1861, for some reason.
    There is some fairly unbelievable brutality in history, by today’s standards.

  14. The video was good, but I think it was too America based. People seem to forget that New World all had slaves and slavery, especially in the Caribbean where most worked till death.

  15. Slavery was begun by Egyptians who captured other African tribes as well as Hebrew tribes, who later enslaved Blacks centuries later. It has existed since time began. Back and forth for millennia…!

  16. There are 2 problems with this video.

    1. Not all Europeans are white

    2. They did not enslave Africans because of their skin color

  17. Part of this video misstates what happened to the Indigenous people in America. They didn't "resist", they were nearly eliminated by slaughter by colonists bc they fought for their land. And also, not sure many Africans were sold for weapons. I believe if Africans were getting so many weapons from colonists, perhaps colonization of many parts of Africa would have been stopped or significantly reduced… Think a revised video is needed.

  18. Blacks don't no how to lead they need to be directed in kindness.There going to wreck South Africa ANC.So much couruptionion.And somehow it's still the earopeans culture.that gets the blame.triple priced electricity.No water soon come on let the earopeans do there job.

  19. The Priority SCIENTIFIC POLITICAL LAW of what Happened hear well I can't answer up for what happened there Because I hadn't yet Been Born yet and I just couldn't answer for what happened cause I wasn't BORN yet so no COMMENT to that. !

  20. Cue …..outrage “but but but and them and but look over there and but but but but and what about what about but”

  21. Reply to Brad not Landa
    Muslims enslaved blacks for 800 years before white slavery began. The colonial slavers were almost exclusively Jews. The logs and correspondence are in a library in DC.


    400 YRS LATER

    BARUCH Chapter 2 KJV

    30 For I knew that they would not hear me, because it is a """stiffnecked people:""" but in the ?land of THEIR CAPTIVITIES (AMERIKKKA) they shall ?REMEMBER THEMselves.??
    33 And return from their stiff neck, and from their ?wicked deeds:?? for they shall remember "THE WAY" of their FATHERS,?? which sinned before the Lord.

  23. This is poorly done and exactly what is in textbooks…….and slavery did not exist for centuries……only 410 years ?……even worse than the textbooks

  24. Slavery had one advantage it enabled Africans to occupy the world even more……90 more years and white men will be on the verge of extinction

  25. by the way, slavery was mostly done through abductions, and not buyer-seller arrangements, that you have so popularized that today the African Americans, now believe these fictitious stories of Africans selling Africans.

  26. Our Prophet Muhammad❤(PBUH)
    Last speech to his nation 1400 hundred years ago.
    In Islam all are equals no matter which skin, race, and cast you from only those are near to Allah who is good on (Taqwa) right path.

  27. It's so funny and ironic to see "white Americans" trying to divert // defame this video like it isn't truth. They are the problem with the world! Always blaming something or someone else. Just own it! Ya'll are crooks.

  28. Slavery = Property = Value = Protected from Lynchings = Protected From mob Attacks On Blk Communities = Justice

    Freedom = Not Property = Expendable = Lynching Blks Ok = Blk Communities Attacked = Rights and Privileges Violated = No Justice No ☮️

  29. Africans enslaved Yahudites..aka brown skinned Jews…..thats what the records at is stating. They carried Yah or YhUh's name in their names.

  30. The blacks in America are still being treated as lessers by the government by being kept dependent on the government.wake up America.

  31. Blacks r not special… Europeans were top of the food chain and used them as farm equipment, NOBODY FEELS BAD FOR UR ANCESTORS.get over it

  32. Islamic slavery has mass murdered more negroes than any Christians, and Islamic slaves were always castrates, it’s why, unlike Jamaica and the US, there are no natively living Negroes in Saudi Arabia or nearby nations to the north.

  33. americans in comments trying valiantly to defend their country and their role in slavery. LOL. Just accept it guys and condemn the actions of your ancestors. smh people here try to divert attention to slavery existing in today's world. Watch the title of the video before you comment

  34. This comment section really shows just how many people are willing to automatically reject the premise of a video because it talks about a negative part of Western history.

  35. This is so sad ???
    But it also proves that the white's weren't the only ones at fault here, the African rulers didn't see that it would play such a big role, and greed got to them seeing the reward for selling slaves… Some of the worst injustices done to different peoples were by people of their own race…

  36. I know it is not today's people fault, but "western" people would do well if they remembered how the power and wealth distribution today would have never happened without slavery and colonialism. It is not something to feel proud of at all.

  37. Slavery was horrible and brutal and until modern Americans, in some generation, realize that it can't be whitewashed, we will never overcome it's still existing effects.

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