Xi Jinping | Wikipedia audio article

Xi Jinping | Wikipedia audio article

Xi Jinping (; Chinese: 习近平; Mandarin: [ɕǐ tɕîn.pʰǐŋ]; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People’s Republic of China, and chairman of the Central Military Commission. Often described as China’s “paramount leader”, in 2016 the CPC officially gave him the […]

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Ethnocentrism | Wikipedia audio article

Ethnocentrism | Wikipedia audio article

Ethnocentrism is the act of judging another culture based on preconceptions that are found in values and standards of one’s own culture. Ethnocentric behavior involves judging other groups relative to the preconceptions of one’s own ethnic group or culture, especially regarding language, behavior, customs, and religion. These aspects or categories are distinctions that define each […]

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World view | Wikipedia audio article

World view | Wikipedia audio article

A world view or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual’s or society’s knowledge and point of view. A world view can include natural philosophy; fundamental, existential, and normative postulates; or themes, values, emotions, and ethics. The term is a calque of the German word […]

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Situationist International | Wikipedia audio article

Situationist International | Wikipedia audio article

The Situationist International (SI) was an international organization of social revolutionaries made up of avant-garde artists, intellectuals, and political theorists, prominent in Europe from its formation in 1957 to its dissolution in 1972.The intellectual foundations of the Situationist International were derived primarily from anti-authoritarian Marxism and the avant-garde art movements of the early 20th century, […]

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Pluralism (metaphysics) | Wikipedia audio article

Pluralism (metaphysics) | Wikipedia audio article

Pluralism is a term used in philosophy, meaning “doctrine of multiplicity”, often used in opposition to monism (“doctrine of unity”) and dualism (“doctrine of duality”). The term has different meanings in metaphysics, ontology, epistemology and logic. In metaphysics, pluralism is the doctrine that – contrary to the assertions of monism and dualism, there are in […]

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Cultural competence | Wikipedia audio article

Cultural competence | Wikipedia audio article

Intercultural competence is a range of cognitive, affective, and behavioural skills that lead to effective and appropriate communication with people of other cultures. Effective intercultural communication relates to behaviors that culminate with the accomplishment of the desired goals of the interaction and all parties involved in the situation. Appropriate intercultural communication includes behaviors that suit […]

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Cultural studies | Wikipedia audio article

Cultural studies | Wikipedia audio article

Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies. Cultural studies researchers generally investigate how cultural practices relate to wider systems of power associated with or operating through social phenomena, such as ideology, class […]

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Anthropology of science | Wikipedia audio article

Anthropology of science | Wikipedia audio article

Anthropology is the scientific study of humans and human behavior and societies in the past and present. Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans. Archaeology, which studies past human cultures through investigation […]

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Criticism of the theory of relativity | Wikipedia audio article

Criticism of the theory of relativity | Wikipedia audio article

Criticism of the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein was mainly expressed in the early years after its publication in the early twentieth century, on scientific, pseudoscientific, philosophical, or ideological bases. Though some of these criticisms had the support of reputable scientists, Einstein’s theory of relativity is now accepted by the scientific community.Reasons for criticism […]

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Hundred Regiments Offensive | Wikipedia audio article

Hundred Regiments Offensive | Wikipedia audio article

The Hundred Regiments Offensive (Chinese: 百團大戰) (20 August – 5 December 1940) was a major campaign of the Communist Party of China’s National Revolutionary Army divisions commanded by Peng Dehuai against the Imperial Japanese Army in Central China. The battle had long been the focus of propaganda in the history of Chinese Communist Party but […]

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