New Clues to the fate of the Lost Colony/UNC-TV Science

New Clues to the fate of the Lost Colony/UNC-TV Science


– [FRANK] IF ONLY THESE
TREES NEAR THE BANKS OF THE CHOWAN RIVER COULD TALK. (SHOVEL SCRAPING) – EVEN WITH ALL THE
PIECES OF THE PUZZLE STARTING TO COME TOGETHER,
THEY’RE STILL MISSING. – [FRANK] THE OAKS AND
MAPLES COULD TELL US WHAT HAPPENED IN THIS FOREST NEAR THE HEAD OF
THE ALBEMARLE SOUND MORE THAN 400 YEARS AGO. – [ARCHAEOLOGIST] THE PATTERN… AND THE TEMPER AND THE DESIGN, YOU KNOW, THIS LITTLE
THING CAN TELL US A LOT. – [FRANK] ARCHAEOLOGICAL
EVIDENCE VERIFIES THE NATIVE AMERICAN VILLAGE
OF METTAQUEM WAS NEARBY. BUT RESEARCHERS BELIEVE THEY
FOUND INTRIGUING EVIDENCE THAT SOME OF THE SETTLERS
FROM THE WASP COLONY ON ROANOKE ISLAND
WERE HERE AS WELL. – SOME ARTIFACTS FROM
THIS PARTICULAR SITE CAME UP THAT WERE
PARTICULARLY EARLY ENGLISH TYPES OF POTTERY. (WAVES CRASHING) – [FRANK] THE COLONISTS
FATE IS AMERICA’S LONGEST RUNNING
HISTORICAL MYSTERY. 115 MEN, WOMEN AND
CHILDREN SETTLED ALONG THE NORTH CAROLINA
COAST IN 1587. BUT THE COLONISTS WHO MADE UP THE FIRST PERMANENT
ENGLISH SETTLEMENT IN THE NEW WORLD HAD DISAPPEARED AND THEIR SETTLEMENT WAS FOUND
ABANDONED THREE YEARS LATER WHEN THEIR LEADER,
JOHN WHITE, RETURNED. THE ONLY SIGNS LEFT BEHIND
WERE THE LETTERS CRO, CARVED INTO A TREE, AND CROATAN,
CARVED INTO A FORT POST. – THIS IS NORTH
CAROLINA’S HERITAGE. THIS IS THE HEART OF
ELIZABETHAN AMERICA. TRUE, IT WENT UP
TO THE JAMES RIVER AND TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THEY VISITED THERE,
THEY PLANNED THERE BUT THEY LIVED HERE. AND… THOSE LIVES AND THOSE STORIES
SHOULD NOT BE FORGOTTEN. (CLASSICAL MUSIC) – [FRANK] THE MOST
TANTALIZING CLUE IN CENTURIES TO THE COLONIST’S FATE WAS FOUND ON THIS WATER COLOR
MAP OF THE COAST. IT WAS DRAWN BY WHITE. IT’S NOW IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM. X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY REVEALED
A TINY FOUR POINTED STAR UNDER A PATCH LAYERED
A TOP THE MAP. RESEARCHERS FROM THE
FIRST COLONY FOUNDATION BELIEVE THE FORT
SYMBOL COULD INDICATE WHERE THE SETTLERS WENT. – IT HAS A LOT GOING FOR IT. YOU CAN FIT IT INTO
THE DOCUMENTARY, THERE’S ONE STATEMENT
IN THE DOCUMENTATION THAT TALKS ABOUT THE
COLONISTS’ INTENT TO MOVE 50 MILES INTO THE
MAIN, FROM ROANOKE ISLAND, WHICH MEANS SORT OF 50
MILES FURTHER INLAND. IT MAKES IT INTRIGUING. IT MAKES US WANT TO
COME BACK AND DO MORE. – [FRANK] THE INLAND SEARCH
MARKS AN IMPORTANT SHIFT AWAY FROM ROANOKE ISLAND
WHERE RESEARCHERS HAVE FOUND FEW CLUES TO THE
COLONISTS’ FATE. (ROCKS SHAKING) – [JOHN] THAT’S
EFFECTIVE, OH YES. – [FRANK] AT THE INLAND’S
SITE, DUBBED SITE X, FIRST COLONY FOUNDATION
ARCHAEOLOGISTS HAVE TURNED UP LARGE AMOUNTS
OF NATIVE AMERICAN POTTERY. (BRIGHT MUSIC) BUT THEY’VE ALSO
DISCOVERED ENGLISH POTTERY SIMILAR TO THAT FOUND
ON ROANOKE ISLAND AND COMMON AT JAMESTOWN. IT’S NOT THE TYPE OF
POTTERY ASSOCIATED WITH LATER ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS. OTHER COLONIAL ARTIFACTS
RECOVERED INCLUDE A HOOK, A BUCKLE, A FOOD STORAGE JAR,
AND PIECES OF AN EARLY GUN. – WE FOUND A NUMBER OF
ARTIFACTS THAT COULD POTENTIALLY DATE TO THE TIME PERIOD
THAT WE’RE LOOKING FOR. THERE’S ALSO A LOT
OF LATER MATERIAL AND THERE’S A LOT
OF NATIVE MATERIALS AND A LOT OF THIS IS
IN A MIXED CONTEXT SO IT’S DIFFICULT TO SAY
EXACTLY WHAT WE’RE LOOKING AT AND WHAT IT ALL MEANS. – [MAN] THE INFORMATION FOR
WHERE THESE ARTIFACTS COME FROM ARE PUT ON THE BAG THAT WAY THE
ARTIFACTS STAY WITH THE BAG, THEY STAY WITH THEIR CONTEXT
AS THEY TRANSITION TO THE LAB AND THROUGH ANALYSIS. AND THAT WAY WE KNOW WHERE
EVERYTHING COMES FROM, WHAT UNIT IT CAME FROM,
WHERE IT CAME VERTICALLY, DEPENDENT UPON THE LEVEL. – WE HAD SEVERAL THOUSAND
YEARS OF OCCUPATION AT THIS ONE SITE, SO WE’VE GOT ALL THESE
THINGS OVERLAPPING. SO YOU’VE GOT NATIVE AMERICAN
STORAGE PITS OVERLAPPING. WE HAVE 18TH CENTURY
METALWORKING GOING ON HERE. SO IT ALL KIND OF
OVERLAPS ITSELF. SO ONE OF THE WAYS WE
CAN SORT OF FIGURE OUT WHAT THESE FEATURES, OR WHAT
TIME PERIOD THEY RELATE TO IS BY ACTUALLY EXCAVATING. – [FRANK] AND THAT’S
THE CHALLENGE. RESEARCHERS SAY RADIO CARBON
AND OTHER DATING METHODS AREN’T PRECISE ENOUGH. POTTERY STYLES DON’T
CHANGE PRECISELY OVER TIME AND NATIVE AMERICANS COULD
HAVE SCAVENGED THE MATERIALS AND BROUGHT IT TO THE VILLAGE. WHILE THE EVIDENCE
SUGGEST AT LEAST A FEW OF THE COLONISTS
WOUND UP AT THE SITE, NOBODY CAN SAY FOR CERTAIN. – THAT’S PROBABLY ONE
OF THE BIGGEST ARGUMENTS THAT WE HAVE, OR STRONGEST
ARGUMENTS WE HAVE FOR THIS BEING AN EARLIER ENGLISH SITE IS BECAUSE OF THE
TYPES OF CERAMICS THAT ARE COMING FROM,
THE TYPES OF POTTERY THAT ARE COMING FROM
HERE ARE SPECIFIC TO A CERTAIN TIME PERIOD
AND WE DON’T REALLY SEE ‘EM AFTER A CERTAIN TIME. (TRIUMPHANT MUSIC) – [FRANK] FINDINGS ADD
TO THE GROWING THEORY THAT AT LEAST SOME OF
THE COLONISTS SURVIVED AND SPLIT UP, MAKING THEIR HOMES WITH NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES. – AND WE HAVE
FOUND SOME POTTERY, DIFFERENT KINDS OF POTTERY. DIFFERENT KINDS FROM
DIFFERENT KILNS IN ENGLAND. DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, DIFFERENT STYLES THAT MATCH… THE LATE ELIZABETHAN PRODUCTION.

9 thoughts on “New Clues to the fate of the Lost Colony/UNC-TV Science

  1. 1:47 sorry man, I know you gots mad pride for North Carolina, but it isn't the heart of Elizabethan America. Theres not a single surviving building from the 1600's in North Carolina. They're all in Virginia, MA, SC, PA, NY, RI, ME, DE, MD. Anyways, the heart of Elizabethan America would have been the James River and along the coast of Mass.

  2. Couldn’t the artifacts have been from the Native Americans who were there before the lost colony. There was a time when the colonists traded with the Native Americans before the settlers killed the chief and trading party. Perhaps these were the artifacts that the Native Americans had in their possession perhaps after the murder of their chief they disposed of the colonists things believing they had bad spirits or energy.

  3. In John White's Journal he wanted the colonists to move west to make a more permanent village if there was an attack. The fort is also currently under a privately owned golf course so we can't excavate any time soon.

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