Culture Profile: eHRAF World Cultures Tutorial

Culture Profile: eHRAF World Cultures Tutorial


Welcome to the video tutorial section for eHRAF World cultures I’m Alissa Jordan and I’ll be your guide in this video You will learn how to navigate through the culture profile in eHRAF world Cultures first We’ll start at the main page where we find browse cultures click on browse cultures. Let’s say I’m interested in exploring the eHRAF world cultures file on Navajo Society I’ll type in Navajo here right under navajo We see three menus appear culture summary collection description and collection documents first let’s talk about collection description These contain culture descriptions collection information and collection indexing notes The culture description is written by eHRAF staff culture descriptions provide the name of the culture Geographic region details OWC identifiers and a single paragraph about the culture here I find that navajo are the second largest native American group in North America Located in the Southwest basin region the owC code for Navajo is NT 13 the collection information describes how many documents and pages we have Corresponding to that culture in our files it also features a brief overview by HRAF anthropologists summarizing the Sorts of holdings We have for each culture the navajo file is robust and HRAF has indexed over 250 documents on the Navajo and nearly 30,000 pages if necessary collection indexing notes describe how subject content was indexed inside Documents within the collection indexing notes for Navajo groups I see that HRAF index the political grouping known as chapters within the Ocm identifier 631 and Wrap index code talkers during World War II as part of Ocm identifiers 708 The culture summary is a very valuable resource in eHRAF World cultures Culture summaries offer brief overviews of cultures in our collections and nearly every culture has a summary prepared Most summaries are adaptive in the ten-volume encyclopedia Outline of World Cultures that HRAF produced within each summary you will find a standardized set of information about each culture covering everything from population size to economy to social organization Culture summaries are browsable here and also searchable meaning that they will show up in search results in eHRAF They are indexed by ocm identifier with ocm identifiers for each paragraph Located in a column to the left of the text as a copper colored and clickable font which brings up general information about the Ocm subject including Broader terms and examples the first thing we see in culture summary right below the authors’ names in this case William Adams are other common names for Navajo groups then we come to a section titled orientation this covers general information on identification of Navajo groups spatial locations Demography language and General historical information Where I find that the navajo and apache originally Hunters and foragers Likely migrated to the Southwest in the past thousand years Settlement information is located directly below this category This is followed by a section on economy here it introduces me to subsistence and commercial activities Such as the Navajo dependence on Maize and the Growth of wage labor I find information on industrial arts as well such as the long-standing tradition of weaving and Pottery making I Also learn a bit about trade here and the importance of Pueblo communities and trade posts going down I read about historical division of labor and how this has changed over time the next Categorical division is for kinship where I learn about Matrilineal clans and exogamous marriage Practices and that brings us to our next section on detailed marriage and family practices Information on residence patterns is located here as well in the form of the domestic unit which in this case is usually a nuclear biological Family I find out about patterns of inheritance as well as child socialization methods and child rearing approaches moving on we find socio political organization Data this includes social ranking among family groups Political organization the next subsection was largely informal in Navajo Society and social control was informal, but powerful Emphasizing the collectivity of the group next we move into data on religion and expressive culture we start with the beliefs religious practitioners the next subsection Highlights the importance of ceremonial singers who can conduct entire ceremonies and are highly respected within Navajo communities often acting as informal leaders moving on I come to general information about medicine finding that ceremonies are often medicinal in Nature and Medicine is ceremonial in Nature the section beneath this death and the afterlife explains how the Navajo Handled the Dead and also includes information about Navajo beliefs and attitudes of the dead at the very close of the summary is the bibliography cited by the Authors of the Culture summary for the final part of this video let’s close this cultural summary and take a look at the collection Documents tab here you will see all of the documents pertaining to the culture in eHRAF you can sort these by the author’s last name document title or publication date by clicking on the Column headers We can also click on the document title in this list to go to the publication information page for that document And that’s where we’ll find a great deal of Metadata and information about not only the document itself, but also How HRAF managed it well that’s it for the culture summary tutorial We hope this tutorial was helpful for you check out our other tutorials And stay in the loop or contact us by checking out our homepage and linking up with us on Facebook and Twitter

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *