Conducting a Systematic Literature Review

Conducting a Systematic Literature Review


Conducting research can be daunting. There are a few distinctions that can help make it easier. First and foremost, research can be either
primary or secondary. Primary research generally involves gathering
data directly from research subjects and requires ethical approval. Secondary research involves gathering data
that already exists. Because secondary research does not include talking directly with human
subjects, or generating new data, it does not need ethical approval. In secondary research,
you use findings of other researchers and authors. A systematic literature review is one of many
research methodologies that can be used to conduct secondary research. A systematic literature review is different
than a literature review. A literature review provides a high level
summary of the literature in the fields connected to your proposed topic of research. It is
a general synthesis of what has been done in the research area, by whom, highlights
what past research tells us about the topic, and identifies gaps and tensions in the field. A systematic literature review begins with
an intentional and purposeful selection of data that will be included in the research
study. This includes: – identifying types of information that will
be included in the review, such as policy documents, journal articles, book chapters,
blogs, and so on – criteria used to ensure inclusion of potential
pieces of work, such as the scope of the review; types of data to be included;
and search terms for identifying types of information – and any other specifications, such as language of the information. Once you have identified the works that will
be analyzed, you need to do a deep and thorough read to extract key information and themes
from each piece. A coding guide will help you discern which
pieces of work you will use in your systematic literature review. Be sure to note why you
have excluded a piece and how the ones you have included meet the selection criteria. In the analysis phase, categorizing your findings
and looking for commonalities and areas of difference is useful. When you report on your
findings you want to identify what themes emerged. The final step of a systematic literature
review is to interpret your findings and bring them back to your research question – what
do they tell us about this topic? Are there gaps in the research? Are there contradictions
in your findings? How do these findings inform a response to your research question? What
recommendations can you offer? Is there a need for further research? Were there best
practices identified that you can highlight? The reader should be able to understand what
you did, how you did it, and the sense that you made of the findings as they relate to
the research question you were investigating.

13 thoughts on “Conducting a Systematic Literature Review

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  2. Thanks a lot for making this video, the cartoon figures really engage the mind and make a dry topic interesting. thanks again.

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