Anthropology: Cultural Resource Management

Anthropology: Cultural Resource Management


hey guys welcome to Field Notes. A few
weekends ago the United States celebrated 100 years of national parks.
One out of the many gifts the National Parks has given us is CRM or cultural
resource management. Today I wanted to talk to you guys about what the heck crm is.
Which is possibly just to say that crm answers the age-old question of what do
I do with my anthropology degree Cultruarl resource management is a pretty broad
term that really at the root of it is just the way that people try to preserve
and protect cultural and historic stuff like I said crm got its start in
national parks and in the 1970s the National Park Service actually coined
the phrase cultural resource at this time there was quite a bit of growing
concern about protecting our nation’s history and this results in quite a bit
of legislation being passed. Before the 1970’s there was movement
on trying to protect and preserve historic artifacts and sites and this
was the Antiquities Act of 1906. This was the law that kind of started it all, so
it’s important in that sense. It unfortunately didn’t really stop people
from looting sites for profit however. After a couple of really bad trials the
judges ruled that the act was too vague and therefore was unenforceable. From there more laws were put in place
to restrict and strengthen the protection of these sites before we
start to get a little too deep into laws and regulations I have a book, this details every law and regulation
involved in CRM its kind of large and we don’t really have time to go over it. If
you would like a more detailed discussion about the laws and
regulations head on over to my blog where there will be a blog post talking
specifically about the laws. One of the more common tasks someone
working in crm will do is put together a proposal for something to be put on the
National Register of Historic Places this is essentially just a long list of
buildings sites artifacts that are protected by these federal laws. Now
anybody can prepare a National Register nomination they do have pretty strict
rules about how its presented, so a lot of the time you’re better off just hiring a
historian or an archaeology consultant or CRM firm to do it for you. So the first step to getting on the
national register of historic places is to complete this form and this form tells the committee where the
site is and why it’s important. Once you fill out this form is sent to the State
Historic Preservation Office (or SHPO) from there they may give you some
guidance on how to improve your form, and then they will send it to the state’s
historic review commission who will then recommend whether or not it should be
sent off to the National Park Service and then finally the national park
service is the one who will approve or deny your nomination. If it is approved the site is put on the national register
while a lot on this list tends to be archaeologically based more modern
things are also considered one of the more popular modern protected sites are
examples of famous styles of architecture. In the area where I’m from
we had a very famous architect by the name of Frank Lloyd Wright there are
quite a few houses the fall under CRM’s domain because they were built by him
and exemplify his style. Now not everything that has meaning to people
can be put on the National Register there are certain things that are exempt
and we will go over those now. First off it has to be at least 50 years old the things that are not typically
considered for the national registry include birthplaces and great sights of
famous people structures that have been moved from their original location or
reconstructed historic buildings. Unfortunately a lot of CRM is paperwork
but basically anybody who wants to build something or tear up a property has to
go through a permit process and part of that permitting process is talking with
CRM Team and this is to avoid disturbing either a known site or an expected
historic site. A lot of figuring that out is simply scanning through old maps and
documents making sure that it’s not recorded somewhere because almost
everybody has to deal with CRM at some point a lot of the time CRM people will
be on staff with cities or cities will have a specific company that they do contract
work with my alma mater SIU actually housed the CRM team for the majority of
southern Illinois however they are more rare in university
settings. If you are interested in history or anthropology but aren’t
really sure what you’re going to do with that degree CRM might be a good option to look into.
That is going to be it for today remember i am now on patreon so if you
like this sort of video feel free to pop over to my patreon page which is linked
down below if you like this video give it a thumbs up subscribe if you want to
see more and i will see you guys next time a few weekends a yeah hello and i forgot how I start my videos oh hi sometimes I feel like my tongue is going
on the way faster than the rest of my mouth sounds like things just go…
give you some guidance as to how to improve your nomination form and then
sent to the State Historic Review Commission just feel like it’s all just a tongue
twister states historic preservation office, state historic review commission

3 thoughts on “Anthropology: Cultural Resource Management

  1. Next week we are going live with our new ERP (Enterprise Resource Management) system at work, and one of the modules is also called CRM, but in our case it stands for Customer Resource Management. I'm supposed to watch an hour long(!) training video and I can't wait to waste my precious time on Earth to do so.

  2. Hi!! Can you please respond to my comentary in you video "should i major in geology".
    Please!
    Love you,
    A fan from Portugal, OPORTO

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